Italian Past Participle Agreement
Written by trasfoco in Sin categoría on abril 10, 2021
If we use the past in a participatory way with essere, it must correspond with the theme of sex and numbers. This means that the end of the past participatory must be changed to: o if the subject is male singular i, if the subject is male is plural a if the subject is female singular e, if the subject is plural female Please note that we can not use these old entries only to speak in the past. We always need an auxiliary verb in front of them! In case of use with avere, the past participant always ends with the singular male o, unless the verb pronomen it, he, or it precedes. First of all, we are talking about the «agreement» of the past particle: here is the past participant with the direct object pronoun. You will notice that the number and gender of the former participant corresponds to the direct object that I highlighted in blue. If the verb we want to express in the past uses AVERE as a tool, we don`t worry about changing past participation. It doesn`t matter who the subject or the object is. Not quite about the participatory – but readers could enjoy it – are to enjoy BOUND — the video on «Il congiuntivo» by Lorenzo Baglioni at www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bfYQZPLCEA For example, the verb SVEGLIARSI (wake up) in the Prossimo Passato would look like this: STAMATTINA CI SIAMO SVEGLIATI TARDIIn this morning we woke up late. SONO USCITO (I, man, is out) SEI USCITA (You, woman, AEREO – PARTITO (the plane left)LA MACCHINA – PARTITA (the car on the left) Here are some other examples, this time with the reflexive verb vestirsi (dress/dress): if you want to use `here` in the answer to the question «hai mai visitato la Spagna?», you can say «s,s, ci sono stato/a l`anno scorso» (yes, I went there last year).
N.b.. They would not use both «ci» and «spagna» together in the same sentence (as in English). Is it more correct in response to the use of this (which refers to the Spagna) before ho visitata? The answer is Si, this ho visitata la Spagna anno scorsa. HO MANGIATO IL PANINOIL PANINO: would be replaced by the pronoun LO (singular male) We use AVERE for all transitive verbs (verbs that need an object to make sense – «paint» … You have to paint something, don`t you? – «to love» … You must love something or someone, don`t you? – «Talking» … You have to say words, don`t you?). Question: Quante fette di torta hai mangiato? How many cakes have you eaten? (female plural) Answer: Do ho mangiate due – I ate two of them Paolo si er vestito – Paolo attracted (male singular) i ragazzi if sono vestiti – the boys attracted (male plural) Lucia si `vestita ` Lucia got dressed (female singular) Maria e Giovanna si sono vestite `Maria and Giovanna got dress femind (plural) if we use a verb in the passato prossimo and we use this verb ESSERE as a tool, then the particle of the past has all 4 options (like an adjective): Question: Quanti libri hai dato a Giorgio? How many books did you give to Giorgio (masculinplural) Answer: Gliene ho dati tre – I gave him three of them Question: Dove hai comprato gli sci? Where did you buy the skis? (plural man) Answer: Li ho comprati a Milano – I bought it in Milan. Paolo ha comprato a paio di sci – Paolo bought a pair of ski Lucia ha comprato the greenery – Lucia bought the vegetables anno scorso abbiamo visitato la Spagna – last year we visited Spain ieri Maria e Giovanna hanno visto l`ultimo film di Verdone – Maria e Giovanna saw Veresdon the last film yesterday.B.